Guard Leroy Bailey

Guard Leroy Bailey

Harris County Convict Camp, Texas

End of Watch Wednesday, February 18, 1914

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Leroy Bailey

Many Texas counties maintained “convict camps” and “poor farms” under the auspices of a county administrator, and not under the county sheriff, to house prisoners convicted of misdemeanor crimes. The “convict guards” were armed correctional officers. At 8:00 a.m. four convict guards were in charge of prisoners at the Harris County Convict Camp No. 2 alongside the Houston Ship Channel. Several prisoners made an escape attempt by running towards the ship channel, but they stopped when ordered by guards to surrender, except Sam Jones and Joe Brown. The guards released dogs on the escaping prisoners, but Brown escaped on foot when the dogs went after Jones. Jones attempted to flee into the ship channel. Guard Leroy (Roy) Bailey ran into the water which was about three feet deep where Jones was standing, and started to shoot the prisoner, when Guard William Isham Taylor said, “Don’t do that, we can get him without having to shoot him.” Bailey put his pistol in his belt and attempted to capture Jones. They started struggling. Apparently the men stepped into a hole and went under water. Bailey shouted for help and Guard Taylor came to his rescue. Bailey allegedly grabbed onto Taylor and both men drown. Jones swam to shore and escaped with dogs in pursuit. The bodies of Bailey and Taylor were recovered by sheriff’s deputies and city police divers. County Commissioner W.H. Lloyd, in charge of the convict camp, said the two guards “died like heroes, and showed their loyalty by not using their guns.”

Sam Jones was arrested about 3:45 p.m. that day hiding at his brother’s house. He had been convicted on a charge of assault and fined $1.00 and costs amounting to $25.20. Being unable to pay his fine and costs, Jones was sentenced to county jail and then the county convict camp. His bond had been made but the paperwork had not reached the camp when he escaped. The newspaper reported the Harris county grand jury was investigating the deaths of the two county guards, but it is unknown at this time as to the disposition of the cases against Sam Jones and Joe Brown.

Leroy Bailey was 20 years of age and single. He had worked for the county as a guard off-and-on for about a year-and-a-half. He was survived by his parents, four brothers and three sisters. He was buried in the White Oak Cemetery in Houston.


  • Age 20
  • Tour 1 year, 6 months
  • Badge Not available

Incident Details

  • Cause Drowned

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Rest in peace always knowing that no passage of time can ever erase your service and sacrifice.

Detective Cpl/3 Steven Rizzo
Delaware State Police (Retired)

February 18, 2021

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